United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), also known as The UN Refugee Agency is a United Nations agency mandated to protect and support refugees at the request of a government or the UN itself and assists in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country. Its headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland and is a member of the United Nations Development Group. The UNHCR has won two Nobel Peace Prizes, once in 1954 and again in 1981
This map illustrates the Yida refugee camp in Pariang County of Unity State in South Sudan. Using high-resolution satellite imagery collected on 12 October 2012 a total of 7,824 shelters, houses, and market structures were located in the camp area. An additional 328 other structures, largely for storage and camp administration purposes, were also located.
The Nutrition situation in South Sudan has remained precarious over the years owing to chronic food insecurity. The populations displaced from South Kordofan and Blue Nile states from 2011 owing to conflict, were installed into camps in the Maban county and high levels of malnutrition among the children was described as a humanitarian crisis. A survey conducted by Médecins sans Frontières -Belgium (MSF-B) in Batil camps subsequently in August 2012, revealed Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rate of 39.8%.
The The United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), in collaboration with World Food Programme (WFP), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), and partners Samaritan’s purse (SP), Goal, International Medical Corps (IMC), and Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development (ACTED), carried out a nutrition survey in each of the four main camps of Maban County, Upper Nile state: Gendrassa, Doro, Batil and Jammam Camps. The four surveys took place between 20th February and 6th March 2013, targeting the refugee population.
This Human Rights Watch report is based on five research missions to the hard-to-access rebel-held areas in the two states and to refugee camps in South Sudan. It documents the government’s indiscriminate bombing and other attacks on civilians since conflict between the government of Sudan and the rebel Sudan People’s Liberation Army-North (SPLA-N) broke out in June 2011 in Southern Kordofan following disputed state elections. The report also describes the effect of Sudan’s refusal to allow humanitarian assistance into rebel-held areas. Hundreds of thousands of people are displaced inside the two states, surviving on very little, while more than 200,000 have fled to refugee camps in South Sudan and Ethiopia.