Displaced Syrians in Za’atari Camp: Rapid Mental Health and Psychosocial Support Assessment
2 August 2012 - 18 August 2012
Population in Camp
1) To collect information regarding MHPSS related problems among displaced Syrians
2) To summarize information about the current services and activities offered to displaced Syrians and identify
3) To gain an understanding of the current and potential coping strategies, resources and supports among
displaced Syrian families and communities
Camp set up:
Pave roads, change tents to caravans.
Access to services:
Organise distribution and facilities closer to tents. Multiple distribution points. Provide better access to basic needs, and transportation. Improve accessibility of bathrooms.
Availability of services:
Improve medical care and health promotion. Give financial assistance.
NFIs and Food:
Provide electricity and lights, fans, improved food and water, clothing, shoes, hats and sunblock, portable stoves, large washing machines, low-cost phone credit.
Clean bathrooms, increase number of bathrooms and showers, raise awareness about hygiene and cleanliness.
Activities for children/youth:
Build play areas, organise activities - including educational activities. Provide access to TV.
Purposeful activities for adults:
Provide opportunities for employment and livelihoods, and provide vocational training. Allow residents to cook their own meals/make tea and coffee. Provide a mosque/place to pray. Engage camp residents in volunteering. Provide a camp canteen, and a camp hairdresser. Develop a complaints mechanism for camp residents.
Set up meeting places for camp residents including places for women.
Orientation and Access to Information:
Provide a map of tents and a list of their occupants. Install speakers to make announcements. Provide education on smoking/bad health habits.
The most frequently cited problems included: camp conditions, worry, fear, aggressiveness, psychological distress, respiratory problems. Amongst camp respondents male adults cited worry, boredom, financial problems, aggressiveness and psychological distress as the main problems. Female adults cited worry, fear, discomfort due to camp conditions and lack of privacy, and psychological distress. Male youths cited aggressiveness, boredom and camp conditions as problems. Female youths cited a lack of security, boredom, and isolation.
Among men, the most common coping mechanisms were praying/reading the Quran, seeking time alone, walking, and interacting with friends and family. Men were able to engage in these activities to some extent, except for talking with friends and family (due to being separated). Among women, the most common coping mechanisms were performing household chores, talking to friends and family, praying/reading the Quran and walking. None of the women reported being able to do chores, walk, or go out.
Mental Health and Psychosocial Support
Syrian Arab Republic