Regional Economic Opportunity Assessment
Data collection started
15 June 2016 - 18 August 2016
Individual key informant interviews, Secondary Data Review
- Develop an inception report detailing among other things, the process and methodologies to be employed for the assignment. The methodology will take into account the very different Syrian context. It should include clear timeline of the assessment schedules, including a list of stakeholders targeted for participation, interview schedules and assessment tools (one to one interview, survey, focus group discussions etc).
- This assessment will characterize the key challenges – on a country-by-country basis and overall – that the labor markets are facing in terms of effectively integrating Syrian refugees and displaced. This will include, explicitly, job creationism by the national governments or through the private sector.
- The assessment will provide the sector analysis of the current labour market with the following points:
o The analysis on skills existing among Syrians and non-Syrians; and
o The analysis on the environment of labour market management including the relevant policies (regulations of work permits, inspections etc), functions and initiatives including national vocational training, job-matching etc. and their capacities and qualities.
- The assessment will provide the analysis of existing and potential sector and types of businesses for foreign investments in particular of European companies linked to European market. Recent developments will be taken into account such as the revision of the EU free Trade Agreement in Jordan and the implication it will have on the local market needs to be included in the assessment for Jordan.
- The assessment will identify critical gaps in terms of employment and economic opportunities in both labour market (employment); MSMEs (self-employment) and foreign investments that will create livelihoods and economic opportunities for both Syrians and non-Syrians. The assessment should be provided in gender and age- disaggregated data and analysis.
- The assessment will make recommendations on potential initiatives to rally existing and potential partnership at regional level to start and rapidly scale up employment and livelihoods creations; and reinforce advocacy for enhanced livelihoods investment at the country and regional levels.
- The assessment will be informed by a combination of a desk review; interviews and focus groups discussions and consultations with an expert consultative group from participating countries to establish a common vision on the best ways to expand employment and economic opportunities.
- Initial findings would be presented in each participating country, chaired by the Resident/Humanitarian Coordinators and convening leaders from government, the international community, civil society, think tanks, the private sector and development bank and funds.
- A Final Assessment Report would be presented to a multi-country audience according to a jointly agreed advocacy plan.
Displaced - Refugees and Asylum Seekers, Displaced - IDPs, Population in Camp, Urban / Rural Population, Host Communities, Non-Displaced - Host
+++ NOTE THAT WHILE FIELDWORK ENDS ON 18 AUGUST, WE VALUE INPUT AFTER THIS DATE +++
The overall objective of the assessment is to explore how host nation governments, the international community, and the private sector, both domestic and global, can support job creationism for both Syrian refugees and their host communities. It is designed to support governments in the region most impacted by the Syrian crisis, with recommendations, identification of best practices and other evidence to increase the employability of the Syrians and vulnerable members of host communities. Moreover, the assessment will explore employment needs, market demands and economic opportunities in Syria to address the high unemployment rate (57%), displacement (more than of the Syrian population is displaced) and poverty (86%). The crisis in Syria has led to devastating socio-economic conditions and reversed all development gains achieved before 2011. Both displaced and host communities are struggling to maintain a decent living condition requiring immediate support to build their resilience, invest in their resources and capitals and sustain their economic institutions.
The assessment is designed to build on existing bodies of research, acknowledging the national specificities and the differentiated response to the commitments in the London Declaration. It will include a series of coordinated actions aiming at (a) identifying critical gaps in terms of employment opportunities; (b) rallying existing and potential partnership at regional level to rapidly scale up employment generation; and, (c) reinforcing advocacy for enhanced investment at the country and regional levels. The results of this process will bring valuable inputs for country partners, donors and regional bodies engaged in the promotion of job creation in participating countries. It will include recommendations to improve access to employment in order to alleviate the pressure posed by the crisis on national governments and local service providers. This would in turn contribute to increasing the resilience of host communities.
The assessment will build on existing research while also presenting recommendations for livelihood programming, based on wide consultation with national authorities, the private sector and key partners within the humanitarian/development community.
The assessment of the livelihoods and economic opportunities is undertaken with a view to providing the basis to scale-up investments in livelihoods and economic opportunities with the analysis of demands (sector-based analysis of human resource and skills needs) and supplies (availability of human resources with skills of both Syrians and non-Syrians) of different sectors in the labour market as well as potentials of self-employment creation through MSMEs development and growth. It is consistent but not limited to WFP Vision 2020; UNDP’s 3x6 Regional Initiative; and ILO’s Employment Intensive Investment Programmes (EIIPs) as well as other tools such as Start Your Business, value chain development, Making Markets work for the poor, joint business ventures between Syrians and host communities; and other UN, bilateral and multilateral partners contributing to the 1.1 million livelihoods and economic opportunities target that emerged from the London Conference. Coordination with other relevant UN and non-UN agencies will be critical for the success of the exercise.
The assessment will aim at strengthening the involvement of the private sector in humanitarian and development response as well as competitiveness of selected economic sectors with high Syrian refugee and displaced influx, leading to higher possibilities for employment both inside and outside Syria, with the corresponding linkages. As such, it will aim at identifying the entry points to engage the private sector companies which already operate in Syria and its neighboring countries as well as to attract the foreign investments in particular by the European-based companies, which are not yet present in the region. The assessment will also define priority action points to leverage issues such as partnership with Syrian businesses inside and outside Syria, and involvement of the Syrian workforce and Syrian businesses, latent or active in host communities as appropriate, and reduction of dependency on humanitarian aid through sustainable livelihood creation. The assessment will aim at providing the age and gender specific analysis to lead to the practical recommendations of interventions for young men and women, women and men.
Livelihood & Social cohesion
Syrian Arab Republic