Overview
The UNHCR Representation to Central Asia is based in Almaty, managing UNHCR activities across the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Republic of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Since their independence in 1991, Central Asian countries have generously sheltered thousands of people fleeing war, persecution, or human rights violations. Central Asia was also home to a considerable stateless population – largely a result of the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. UNHCR now works with Central Asian governments to support their protection of forcibly displaced and stateless people, focusing on strengthening local ownership of and investment in quality asylum systems, pursuing opportunities for local integration of refugees, eradicating statelessness, and building capacity to respond to emergencies.
Refugees in Central Asia JSON 
7,636
Last updated 31 Dec 2023
Source - UNHCR, Government 
Refugees by Location JSON  .CSV 
Location name Source Data date Population
Kazakhstan Government 31 Dec 2023   3.6% 273
Kyrgyzstan Government 31 Dec 2023   3.3% 251
Tajikistan UNHCR 31 Dec 2023   92.9% 7,094
Turkmenistan UNHCR 31 Dec 2023   0.2% 13
Uzbekistan UNHCR 31 Dec 2023   0.1% 5

Refugee-like in Central Asia JSON 
9,400
Last updated 31 Dec 2023
Source - UNHCR, Government 
People in refugee-like situations by Location JSON 
Location name Source Data date Population
Uzbekistan UNHCR, Government 31 Dec 2023   100.0% 9,400

People in refugee-like situation refers to a category which is descriptive in nature and includes groups of people who are outside their country or territory of origin and who face protection risks similar to those of refugees, but for whom refugee status has, for practical or other reasons, not been ascertained. For Uzbekistan, people in refugee-like situations include Afghan nationals residing temporarily in Uzbekistan. This is according to publicly accessible information, as there are no official data provided by the Government of Uzbekistan.

Asylum-seekers in Central Asia JSON 
3,075
Last updated 31 Dec 2023
Source - Government, UNHCR 
Asylum-seekers by Location JSON  .CSV 
Location name Source Data date Population
Kazakhstan Government 31 Dec 2023   15.6% 480
Kyrgyzstan Government 31 Dec 2023   39.2% 1,206
Tajikistan UNHCR, Government 31 Dec 2023   45.2% 1,389

Stateless persons in Central Asia JSON 
37,819
Last updated 31 Dec 2023
Source - UNHCR, Government, NGO 
Stateless persons by Location JSON 
Location name Source Data date Population
Kazakhstan UNHCR, Government 31 Dec 2023   20.9% 7,892
Kyrgyzstan UNHCR, Government 31 Dec 2023   0.1% 21
Tajikistan UNHCR, Government 31 Dec 2023   10.1% 3,827
Turkmenistan NGO 31 Dec 2023   9.5% 3,583
Uzbekistan Government 31 Dec 2023   59.5% 22,496

  Latest Documents
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    Publish date: 30 April 2024 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 1 May 2024 (28 days ago)
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    UNHCR Afghanistan Border Monitoring Report January-December 2023
    Publish date: 25 April 2024 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 25 April 2024 (1 month ago)
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    UNHCR Representation to Central Asia - Sub-Regional Overview Map

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    Publish date: 23 April 2024 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 23 April 2024 (1 month ago)
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    UNHCR Representation to Central Asia - Population figures at a glance, 2023

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    Publish date: 16 April 2024 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 16 April 2024 (1 month ago)
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    Afghan Returns - South West Asia Quarterly Update, 2023 Q4

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    Publish date: 19 March 2024 (2 months ago)
    Create date: 19 March 2024 (2 months ago)
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    Voluntary Repatriation of Afghan Refugees - South West Asia Quarterly Update, 2023 Q3

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    Publish date: 18 October 2023 (7 months ago)
    Create date: 18 October 2023 (7 months ago)
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    Publish date: 23 April 2024 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 23 April 2024 (1 month ago)
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    UNHCR Representation to Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan - subregional map

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    Publish date: 1 August 2023 (9 months ago)
    Create date: 1 August 2023 (9 months ago)
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    Asia - UNHCR Presence - 28 March 2017

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    Publish date: 20 July 2020 (3 years ago)
    Create date: 28 March 2017 (7 years ago)
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    Afghanistan Regional Refugee Response Plan Summary 2023

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    Afghanistan Regional Refugee Response Plan Summary 2023
    Publish date: 9 March 2023 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 10 March 2023 (1 year ago)
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    Publish date: 27 October 2023 (7 months ago)
    Create date: 27 October 2023 (7 months ago)
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    Regional Refugee Response Plan 2022 - Final Report

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    Publish date: 8 May 2023 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 8 May 2023 (1 year ago)
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    Regional Refugee Response Plan 2023 - Afghanistan Situation

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    Publish date: 16 March 2023 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 16 March 2023 (1 year ago)
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    UNHCR Afghanistan Border Monitoring Report January-December 2023

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    UNHCR Afghanistan Border Monitoring Report January-December 2023
    Publish date: 25 April 2024 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 25 April 2024 (1 month ago)
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    UNHCR Afghanistan Voluntary Repatriation update 2022

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    Publish date: 22 March 2023 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 22 March 2023 (1 year ago)
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    Afghanistan IMPACT STORIES - Area-based Approaches for Return, Reintegration, Resilience & Solutions

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    Impact Stories Booklet Afghanistan 2022
    Publish date: 29 September 2022 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 29 September 2022 (1 year ago)
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    UNHCR RBAP 2022 Cash-Based Interventions in the Region

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    Publish date: 19 April 2023 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 19 April 2023 (1 year ago)
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    UNHCR Afghanistan Situation Update - 1 April 2024

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    Publish date: 30 April 2024 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 1 May 2024 (28 days ago)
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    Afghanistan Situation Update - 1 January 2024

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    Publish date: 22 January 2024 (4 months ago)
    Create date: 22 January 2024 (4 months ago)
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    Afghanistan Situation Update - 1 December 2023

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    Publish date: 21 December 2023 (5 months ago)
    Create date: 21 December 2023 (5 months ago)
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    Publish date: 4 April 2024 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 4 April 2024 (1 month ago)
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    UNHCR Operational Update September-November 2023 | Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan

    Document
    Publish date: 14 December 2023 (5 months ago)
    Create date: 14 December 2023 (5 months ago)
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    UNHCR Operational Update June-August 2023 | Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan

    Document
    Publish date: 19 September 2023 (8 months ago)
    Create date: 19 September 2023 (8 months ago)
  • UNHCR is grateful for contributions directly to operations in Central Asia, as well as donors of unearmarked and flexible funding, including from: Australia | Belgium | Denmark | European Union | Ireland | Netherlands | Norway | Republic of Korea | Sweden | Switzerland | United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland | U.S.A.

    Funding (2024)
    $10,033,900
    Total appeal
    Date of Funding Data 30 April 2024 (1 month ago)
      UNHCR Central Asia News and Stories
    PRESS RELEASE: Central Asian States reaffirm commitment to registering all children at birth [17 May 2024]
    Representatives from the Governments of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, gathered in Tashkent, reaffirming their commitment to ensuring every child born on their territories are registered at birth.
    Even more than a fighting spirit [15 April 2024]
    Mustafa was just 6 years old when he came to Turkmenistan as a refugee. He completed school, learned Turkmen & Russian, and made Turkmenistan home. He also developed a love for a popular national sport - kickboxing
    UNHCR and Parliament members conduct thematic meeting on refugee issues in Kazakhstan [2 April 2024]
    The meeting aimed to raise awareness of the situation of refugees in Kazakhstan and discuss aligning national legislation with international standards.

      UNHCR Central Asia Microdata Library

    The UNHCR Microdata Library (MDL) contains unit-level microdata collected directly by UNHCR or indirectly through its partners. Metadata, reports, or survey questionnaires are also provided for complementary information on the datasets. All datasets on the MDL are anonymized and available to researchers and humanitarian organizations upon request. Organizations which collect relevant data are highly encouraged to submit datasets for dissemination through the MDL.
  • Post-Distribution Monitoring of Cash-Based Intervention 2023

    Kazakhstan, 2023   MicroData View details | Get Microdata | 0 |
    Authoring Entity: UNHCR
    Published: 28 December 2023
  • Post-Distribution Monitoring of Cash-Based Intervention 2023

    Kyrgyzstan, 2023   MicroData View details | Get Microdata | 0 |
    Authoring Entity: UNHCR
    Published: 26 January 2024
  • Results Monitoring Survey 2023

    Tajikistan, 2023   MicroData View details | Get Microdata | 0 |
    Authoring Entity: UNHCR
    Published: 01 April 2024
  • UNHCR Central Asia Social Media


    For more information, please contact the following focal point(s)

    For any inquiry kazal@unhcr.org