Menu
All refugees JSON  .CSV 
73,158
Last updated 31 Aug 2021
Source - UNHCR, Government 
Asylum seekers JSON  .CSV 
3,054
Last updated 31 Aug 2021
Source - UNHCR, Government 
Malian refugees in M'bera refugee camp since 2012 JSON  .CSV 
  Latest documents
  • Download

    Communique de presse conjoint : La Mauritanie et le HCR appellent à redoubler d’efforts face au changement climatique

    document
    Ce communiqué de presse revient sur la rencontre entre Monsieur Andrew Harper, Conseiller spécial pour l’action climatique du HCR et la Ministre de l’Environnement et du Développement Durable SE Madam...
    Publish date: 14 October 2021 (3 days ago)
    Create date: 15 October 2021 (1 day ago)
  • Download

    MENA Critical Funding Needs - October 2021

    document
    MENA Critical Funding Needs - October 2021
    Publish date: 7 October 2021 (10 days ago)
    Create date: 7 October 2021 (9 days ago)
  • Download

    MENA Critical Funding Needs - October 2021

    document
    MENA Critical Funding Needs - October 2021
    Publish date: 7 October 2021 (10 days ago)
    Create date: 7 October 2021 (9 days ago)
  • Download

    MENA Critical Funding Needs - October 2021

    document
    MENA Critical Funding Needs - October 2021
    Publish date: 7 October 2021 (10 days ago)
    Create date: 7 October 2021 (9 days ago)
  • Download

    Implementing the Comprehensive Solutions Strategy for Ivorian refugees in West and Central Africa

    document
    Implementing the Comprehensive Solutions Strategy for Ivorian refugees in West and Central Africa
    Publish date: 6 October 2021 (11 days ago)
    Create date: 6 October 2021 (10 days ago)
  • Download

    Diagnostic de l’impact des réfugiés sur les populations hôtes autour du camp de Mbera

    document
    Presentation du Diagnostic de l’impact des réfugiés sur les populations hôtes autour du camp de Mbera
    Publish date: 10 October 2019 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 18 February 2020 (1 year ago)
  • Download

    Enquête auprès des migrants et réfugiés de Nouadhibou

    document
    Atelier de présentation de l'enquête auprès des migrants et réfugiés de Nouadhibou
    Publish date: 5 September 2019 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 18 February 2020 (1 year ago)
  • Download

    Moyens de subsistance et inclusion économique des réfugiés en Mauritanie

    document
    Evaluation participative, Mars 2019, Nouakchott et Nouadhibou
    Publish date: 1 March 2019 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 7 October 2019 (2 years ago)
  • Download

    Participatory Assessment Report - 2019

    document
    Participatory Assessment Report - 2019
    Publish date: 1 March 2019 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 20 January 2020 (1 year ago)
  • Download

    MMC WEST AFRICA - 4Mi Snapshot - October 2018

    document
    Aspirations of refugees and migrants from West Africa.
    Publish date: 30 October 2018 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 14 November 2018 (2 years ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR Middle East and North Africa COVID-19 Update #22 - August 2021

    document
    UNHCR Middle East and North Africa COVID-19 Update #22 - August 2021
    Publish date: 3 October 2021 (14 days ago)
    Create date: 3 October 2021 (13 days ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR MENA COVID-19 Update - July 2021

    document
    UNHCR MENA COVID-19 Update - July 2021
    Publish date: 25 August 2021 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 25 August 2021 (1 month ago)
  • Download

    COVID-19 – Cash for Social Protection pour les réfugiés en Mauritanie

    document
    COVID-19 – Cash for Social Protection pour les réfugiés en Mauritanie
    Publish date: 29 April 2020 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 29 April 2020 (1 year ago)
  • Download

    COVID-19 – Cash for Social Protection for Refugees in Mauritania

    document
    COVID-19 – Cash for Social Protection for Refugees in Mauritania
    Publish date: 29 April 2020 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 29 April 2020 (1 year ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR MENA COVID-19 Update - June 2021

    document
    UNHCR MENA COVID-19 Update - June 2021
    Publish date: 3 August 2021 (2 months ago)
    Create date: 3 August 2021 (2 months ago)
  • Download

    Implementing the Comprehensive Solutions Strategy for Ivorian refugees in West and Central Africa

    document
    Implementing the Comprehensive Solutions Strategy for Ivorian refugees in West and Central Africa
    Publish date: 6 October 2021 (11 days ago)
    Create date: 6 October 2021 (10 days ago)
  • Download

    Factsheet ProNexus September 2021

    document
    In the framework of the SUN Global Programme, GIZ and UNHCR are developing a joint project to build capacity to promote the socio-economic inclusion of refugees, asylum seekers and vulnerable member...
    Publish date: 30 September 2021 (17 days ago)
    Create date: 30 September 2021 (16 days ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR Mauritania Factsheet September 2021

    document
    Publish date: 30 September 2021 (17 days ago)
    Create date: 1 October 2021 (15 days ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR - Note on the identification of hard-to-reach Malian refugees in Mauritania

    document
    Based on information received from authorities, partners, and refugees that different groups of refugees had not been identified nor registered to date, UNHCR conducted during the first semester of 20...
    Publish date: 8 August 2021 (2 months ago)
    Create date: 8 August 2021 (2 months ago)
  • Download
  • Download

    Statistiques_Mauritania_12_August _2012

    document
    Publish date: 15 August 2012 (9 years ago)
    Create date: 15 August 2012 (9 years ago)
  • Download

    Statistiques_Mauritania_29_July _2012

    document
    Publish date: 31 July 2012 (9 years ago)
    Create date: 31 July 2012 (9 years ago)
  • Download

    Statistiques_Mauritania_14_July _2012

    document
    Publish date: 17 July 2012 (9 years ago)
    Create date: 17 July 2012 (9 years ago)
  • Download

    Statistiques de la population réfugiée - 24/06/2012

    document
    Publish date: 26 June 2012 (9 years ago)
    Create date: 26 June 2012 (9 years ago)
  • Download

    Statistiques de la population réfugiée - 27/05/2012

    document
    Publish date: 28 May 2012 (9 years ago)
    Create date: 28 May 2012 (9 years ago)
  • Download

    COVID-19 – Cash for Social Protection pour les réfugiés en Mauritanie

    document
    COVID-19 – Cash for Social Protection pour les réfugiés en Mauritanie
    Publish date: 29 April 2020 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 29 April 2020 (1 year ago)
  • Download

    COVID-19 – Cash for Social Protection for Refugees in Mauritania

    document
    COVID-19 – Cash for Social Protection for Refugees in Mauritania
    Publish date: 29 April 2020 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 29 April 2020 (1 year ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR Mali Situation Funding Update 22 October 2019

    document
    Funding
    Publish date: 22 October 2019 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 22 October 2019 (1 year ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR Mali Situation Funding Update 14 October 2019

    document
    Funding
    Publish date: 14 October 2019 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 21 October 2019 (1 year ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR Mali Situation Funding Update 02 October 2019

    document
    Funding
    Publish date: 2 October 2019 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 9 October 2019 (2 years ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR: Position on Returns to Mali - 31 July 2019

    document
    Policy
    Publish date: 31 July 2019 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 31 July 2019 (2 years ago)
  • Download

    BRIEFING - Pacte mondial sur les réfugiés & Forum mondial sur les réfugiés

    document
    Présentation du PMR et du FMR aux membres du Groupe Multi-sectoriel sur les Réfugiés en Mauritanie
    Publish date: 26 June 2019 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 18 February 2020 (1 year ago)
  • Download

    Mauritania - Situation map as at end of September 2021

    document
    Situation map as at end of September 2021
    Publish date: 20 September 2021 (27 days ago)
    Create date: 23 September 2021 (23 days ago)
  • Download

    Mauritania - Situation map as at end of June 2021

    document
    Situation map as at end of June 2021
    Publish date: 14 July 2021 (3 months ago)
    Create date: 14 July 2021 (3 months ago)
  • Download

    Mauritania - Situation map as at end of April 2021

    document
    Situation map as at end of April 2021
    Publish date: 24 May 2021 (4 months ago)
    Create date: 25 May 2021 (4 months ago)
  • Download

    Mauritania - Situation map as at end of March 2021

    document
    Situation map as at end of March 2021
    Publish date: 20 April 2021 (5 months ago)
    Create date: 20 April 2021 (5 months ago)
  • Download

    Mauritania - Situation map as at end of February 2021

    document
    Situation map as at end of February 2021
    Publish date: 26 March 2021 (6 months ago)
    Create date: 26 March 2021 (6 months ago)
  • Download

    Déclaration conjointe relative à la feuille de route pour les solutions durables à la situation des réfugiés ivoiriens

    document
    Déclaration conjointe relative à la feuille de route pour les solutions durables à la situation des réfugiés ivoiriens
    Publish date: 7 September 2021 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 7 September 2021 (1 month ago)
  • Download

    Abidjan joint declaration on the updated roadmap for conprehensive solutions for Ivoirian refugees

    document
    Abidjan joint declaration on the updated roadmap for conprehensive solutions for Ivoirian refugees
    Publish date: 7 September 2021 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 7 September 2021 (1 month ago)
  • Download

    Communique de presse conjoint : La Mauritanie et le HCR appellent à redoubler d’efforts face au changement climatique

    document
    Ce communiqué de presse revient sur la rencontre entre Monsieur Andrew Harper, Conseiller spécial pour l’action climatique du HCR et la Ministre de l’Environnement et du Développement Durable SE Madam...
    Publish date: 14 October 2021 (3 days ago)
    Create date: 15 October 2021 (1 day ago)
  • Download

    Communiqué de Presse : La Côte d'Ivoire et les pays d'asile s'accordent pour mettre fin à la situation des réfugiés ivoiriens

    document
    Communiqué de Presse : La Côte d'Ivoire et les pays d'asile s'accordent pour mettre fin à la situation des réfugiés ivoiriens
    Publish date: 7 September 2021 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 7 September 2021 (1 month ago)
  • Download

    Press Release: Côte d’Ivoire and asylum countries agree to end the Ivoirian refugees’ situation

    document
    Press Release: Côte d’Ivoire and asylum countries agree to end the Ivoirian refugees’ situation
    Publish date: 7 September 2021 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 7 September 2021 (1 month ago)
  • Download

    G5 Sahel : bilan intermédiaire du soutien tripartite à la riposte de la Mauritanie face à la pandémie de Covid-19

    document
    Communiqué de presse conjoint BAD-G5-HCR
    Publish date: 8 July 2021 (3 months ago)
    Create date: 9 July 2021 (3 months ago)
  • Download

    Le Gouvernement du Japon accorde de nouveaux financements aux projets du Système des Nations Unies pour contribuer à la stabilité sociale en...

    document
    Communiqué de presse
    Publish date: 28 April 2021 (5 months ago)
    Create date: 29 April 2021 (5 months ago)
  • Download

    Déclaration conjointe relative à la feuille de route pour les solutions durables à la situation des réfugiés ivoiriens

    document
    Déclaration conjointe relative à la feuille de route pour les solutions durables à la situation des réfugiés ivoiriens
    Publish date: 7 September 2021 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 7 September 2021 (1 month ago)
  • Download

    Abidjan joint declaration on the updated roadmap for conprehensive solutions for Ivoirian refugees

    document
    Abidjan joint declaration on the updated roadmap for conprehensive solutions for Ivoirian refugees
    Publish date: 7 September 2021 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 7 September 2021 (1 month ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR MENA - Regional Cash Assistance Update for Q2 2021

    document
    UNHCR MENA - Regional Cash Assistance Update for Q2 2021 (April-June 2021)
    Publish date: 6 September 2021 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 6 September 2021 (1 month ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR MENA - Regional Cash Assistance Update for Q1 2021

    document
    UNHCR MENA - Regional Cash Assistance Update for Q1 2021 (January - March 2021)
    Publish date: 8 July 2021 (3 months ago)
    Create date: 8 July 2021 (3 months ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR MENA - Regional Cash Assistance Update for 2020

    document
    UNHCR MENA - Regional Cash Assistance Update for 2020
    Publish date: 3 May 2021 (5 months ago)
    Create date: 3 May 2021 (5 months ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR Mauritania - Year End Report 2020

    document
    Year End Report 2020
    Publish date: 22 March 2021 (6 months ago)
    Create date: 31 March 2021 (6 months ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR Sahel Appeal - Progress Report - January to September 2020

    document
    The Sahel region continues to face a severe humanitarian and protection crisis, exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic and major flooding across the region. To address the significant needs of displaced...
    Publish date: 18 November 2020 (10 months ago)
    Create date: 12 November 2020 (11 months ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR MENA - Regional Cash Assistance Update for Q2 2021

    document
    UNHCR MENA - Regional Cash Assistance Update for Q2 2021 (April-June 2021)
    Publish date: 6 September 2021 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 6 September 2021 (1 month ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR MENA - Regional Cash Assistance Update for Q1 2021

    document
    UNHCR MENA - Regional Cash Assistance Update for Q1 2021 (January - March 2021)
    Publish date: 8 July 2021 (3 months ago)
    Create date: 8 July 2021 (3 months ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR MENA - Regional Cash Assistance Update for 2020

    document
    UNHCR MENA - Regional Cash Assistance Update for 2020
    Publish date: 3 May 2021 (5 months ago)
    Create date: 3 May 2021 (5 months ago)
  • Download

    Cartographie des potentielles sources de conflits existant entre les réfugiés maliens et la population hôte dans la Moughataa de Bassikounou...

    document
    La présente cartographie vise à répertorier les potentielles sources de conflits existant entre les réfugiés maliens et la population hôte dans la Moughataa de Bassikounou. Elle s’intéresse aussi aux ...
    Publish date: 15 June 2021 (4 months ago)
    Create date: 15 June 2021 (4 months ago)
  • Download

    Bref aperçu - Enquête sur les intentions de retour au Mali

    document
    Enquête sur les intentions de retour au Mali
    Publish date: 5 March 2021 (7 months ago)
    Create date: 5 March 2021 (7 months ago)
  • Download

    UN Policy Brief: COVID-19 and People on the Move

    document
    COVID-19 leaves few lives and places untouched. But its impact is harshest for those groups who were already in vulnerable situations before the crisis. This is particularly true for many people on th...
    Publish date: 3 June 2020 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 3 June 2020 (1 year ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR: Position on Returns to Mali - 31 July 2019

    document
    Policy
    Publish date: 31 July 2019 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 31 July 2019 (2 years ago)
  • Download

    MMC - A human rights and peace-building approach to migration governance in the Sahel Clingendael, December 2018

    document
    In recent years, the Sahel region has attracted the attention of European policy makers aiming to prevent Europe-bound irregular migrants from reaching the Libyan coastline. Policies implemented under...
    Publish date: 8 January 2019 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 2 August 2019 (2 years ago)
  • Download

    Fact sheet - Mauritania - October 2019

    document
    Fact sheet - Mauritania - October 2019
    Publish date: 14 October 2019 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 23 January 2020 (1 year ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR Mauritania Operational Update

    document
    موريتانيا 15 يونيو/حزيران 2018
    Publish date: 12 July 2018 (3 years ago)
    Create date: 12 July 2018 (3 years ago)
  • Download

    MENA Critical Funding Needs - October 2021

    document
    MENA Critical Funding Needs - October 2021
    Publish date: 7 October 2021 (10 days ago)
    Create date: 7 October 2021 (9 days ago)
  • Download

    MENA Critical Funding Needs - October 2021

    document
    MENA Critical Funding Needs - October 2021
    Publish date: 7 October 2021 (10 days ago)
    Create date: 7 October 2021 (9 days ago)
  • Download

    MENA Critical Funding Needs - October 2021

    document
    MENA Critical Funding Needs - October 2021
    Publish date: 7 October 2021 (10 days ago)
    Create date: 7 October 2021 (9 days ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR Middle East and North Africa COVID-19 Update #22 - August 2021

    document
    UNHCR Middle East and North Africa COVID-19 Update #22 - August 2021
    Publish date: 3 October 2021 (14 days ago)
    Create date: 3 October 2021 (13 days ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR MENA COVID-19 Update - July 2021

    document
    UNHCR MENA COVID-19 Update - July 2021
    Publish date: 25 August 2021 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 25 August 2021 (1 month ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR Sahel Crisis Response External Operational Update 01-30 June 2020

    document
    To highlight the immense needs in the Sahel and scale up its response to the deepening crisis, UNHCR has launched an appeal on 12 June 2020 for US$ 186 million to scale up its shelter and education in...
    Publish date: 23 July 2020 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 23 July 2020 (1 year ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR West & Central Africa Regional Update | Central Sahel Situation | July - December 2019

    document
    UNHCR West & Central Africa Regional Update | Central Sahel Situation | July - December 2019
    Publish date: 27 January 2020 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 27 January 2020 (1 year ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR: Mauritanian refugees in Senegal and Mali

    document
    Factsheet
    Publish date: 27 September 2018 (3 years ago)
    Create date: 27 September 2018 (3 years ago)
  • Download

    المستجدات العملياتية موريتانيا 15 سبتمبر/أيلول 2017

    document
    المستجدات العملياتية موريتانيا 15 سبتمبر/أيلول 2017
    Publish date: 25 September 2017 (4 years ago)
    Create date: 25 September 2017 (4 years ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR Mauritania Operational Update

    document
    News and Achievements on UNHCR operation in Mauritania
    Publish date: 17 July 2017 (4 years ago)
    Create date: 17 July 2017 (4 years ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR Mauritania Statistics Report

    document
    Main facts and figures about the Malian refugee population in Mauritania
    Publish date: 15 March 2018 (3 years ago)
    Create date: 19 March 2018 (3 years ago)
  • UNHCR Mauritania_Fluctuation des chiffres_Camp Mberra_Janvier 2017

    document
    Statistiiques
    Publish date: 31 January 2017 (4 years ago)
    Create date: 17 March 2017 (4 years ago)
  • Download

    2020 Sahel Appeal

    document
    UNHCR’s Sahel strategy is a scaled-up response to the unprecedented violence and displacement crisis in the Sahel initially covering 2020-2021.
    Publish date: 12 June 2020 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 11 June 2020 (1 year ago)
  • Download

    Joint Statement Sahel - Strengthening of the protection of civilian populations in the Sahel

    document
    Joint Statement Sahel - Strengthening of the protection of civilian populations in the Sahel
    Publish date: 11 June 2020 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 11 June 2020 (1 year ago)
  • Download

    Crise au Sahel: réponse d’urgence et de protection du HCR

    document
    La région du Sahel central (Burkina Faso, Mali et Niger) fait face à une grave crise humanitaire et de protection, contraignant des millions de personnes à fuir leurs foyers. Les attaques indiscriminé...
    Publish date: 1 February 2020 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 8 June 2020 (1 year ago)
  • Download

    Crisis in the Sahel: UNHCR emergency and protection response

    document
    The Central Sahel region (Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger) is facing a severe humanitarian and protection crisis, pushing millions of people to flee their homes. Indiscriminate attacks by armed groups ag...
    Publish date: 1 February 2020 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 8 June 2020 (1 year ago)
  • Download

    Livelihood Sector

    document
    Urgent Funding Needs
    Publish date: 20 June 2019 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 14 January 2020 (1 year ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR MENA - Regional Cash Assistance Update for Q2 2021

    document
    UNHCR MENA - Regional Cash Assistance Update for Q2 2021 (April-June 2021)
    Publish date: 6 September 2021 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 6 September 2021 (1 month ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR MENA - Regional Cash Assistance Update for Q1 2021

    document
    UNHCR MENA - Regional Cash Assistance Update for Q1 2021 (January - March 2021)
    Publish date: 8 July 2021 (3 months ago)
    Create date: 8 July 2021 (3 months ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR Mauritania Operational Update May 2021

    document
    News and achievements about UNHCR operation in Mauritania
    Publish date: 27 May 2021 (4 months ago)
    Create date: 27 May 2021 (4 months ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR MENA - Regional Cash Assistance Update for 2020

    document
    UNHCR MENA - Regional Cash Assistance Update for 2020
    Publish date: 3 May 2021 (5 months ago)
    Create date: 3 May 2021 (5 months ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR-WFP support to Refugee intergration in the Social Registry of Mauritania

    document
    UNHCR-WFP support to Refugee intergration in the Social Registry of Mauritania
    Publish date: 17 March 2021 (7 months ago)
    Create date: 17 March 2021 (6 months ago)
  • Download

    Results of a sampling survey on the impact of COVID 19 on the socio economic and protection situation of refugees in the Mbera refugee camp

    document
    Results of a sampling survey on the impact of COVID 19 on the socio economic and protection situation of refugees in the Mbera refugee camp
    Publish date: 24 July 2020 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 24 July 2020 (1 year ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR Sahel Crisis Response External Operational Update 16-31 May 2020

    document
    On 30 May 2020, a coordinated attack on the Intikane refugee camp in the Tahoua region of Niger killed three refugee leaders, caused severe damages and forced thousands of persons to flee. Despite mov...
    Publish date: 30 June 2020 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 30 June 2020 (1 year ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR Mauritania Fact sheet February 2020

    document
    Quarterly update on UNHCR operation in Mauritania
    Publish date: 15 February 2020 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 2 June 2020 (1 year ago)
  • Download

    Tripartite Nov 2019 Communique

    document
    Tripartite Nov 2019 Communique
    Publish date: 22 November 2019 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 5 December 2019 (1 year ago)
  • Download

    OCHA Sahel: Dashboard Humanitarian Overview

    document
    Overview
    Publish date: 14 November 2019 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 25 November 2019 (1 year ago)
  • Malian refugee learns to become a construction worker in a camp
    Mbera Refugee Camp
    World Refugee Day 2017
    Malian Refugees Fight the Cold with Uniqlo
    Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Mauritania

    The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations

    JSON 
    All refugees by origin JSON  .CSV 
    Country of origin Source Data date Population
    Mali UNHCR, Government 31 Aug 2021
      97.6%
    71,433
    Central African Rep. UNHCR, Government 31 Aug 2021
      0.9%
    648
    Not Specified UNHCR, Government 31 Aug 2021
      0.6%
    432
    Syrian Arab Rep. UNHCR, Government 31 Aug 2021
      0.5%
    368
    Côte d'Ivoire UNHCR, Government 31 Aug 2021
      0.4%
    277


    Registered voluntary Malian refugee returnees since 2013 (non-cumulative) JSON  .CSV 
       Situations related to this country
    • Mauritania - Sahel Crisis

      The Central Sahel region (Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger) is facing a severe humanitarian and protection crisis, pushing millions of people to flee their homes. Indiscriminate attacks by armed groups against civilians, summary executions of men, widespread use of rape against women, as well as attacks on State institutions, including schools and health facilities, are the latest drivers of displacement impacting a region already struggling with climate change, extreme poverty, a lack of economic opportunities and scarce basic services.