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EHAGL Regional Knowledge Exchange Social Protection & Forced Displacement

Knowledge Exchange Social Protection & Forced Displacement

  Working Group Description

The social protection and forced displacement knowledge exchange is a forum for organisations working on this topic to come together to learn from each other and external stakeholders, to exchange information and best practices and explore opportunities for joint activities. Membership is open to regional NGOs/CSOs, UN agencies, IFIs, Bilateral Donors and Research Institutes across the humanitarian-development nexus in Eastern, Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes. The Exchange aims to stimulate discussion, research, and sharing of best practices related to the inclusion of forcibly displaced populations and vulnerable or marginalized host communities into emerging national social protection systems and programmes.

The Topic
Africa’s East, Horn and Great Lakes Region is experiencing increased frequency, severity and duration of crises creating a context of substantial and growing needs, with new conflicts swelling displaced and refugee caseloads. This is combined with the increasingly protracted nature of displacement , growing climatic shocks and inadequate humanitarian resources to meet the needs that these scenarios are generating.

However, despite these challenges progress can be seen in the establishment, strengthening and reach of social protection policies, systems and programmes across the region alongside increased investment in these systems. This is primarily development partner resources, but some countries are seeing a growth in government investment also. COVID-19 has accelerated efforts to scale up social protection systems. There is wide acceptance of the role that social protection can play in reducing poverty and addressing lifecycle risks and vulnerabilities. Pilots are developing into government social safety net programmes, delivery systems are improving and there is an increased focus on developing the shock-responsive capacities of these systems. Coverage is growing despite challenges around fragmentation, capacity, coordination and resourcing. This links to the increasing use of cash transfers as a humanitarian response modality and robust evidence of the efficacy of social protection and social transfers in both development and crisis contexts.

Humanitarian assistance has been performing the same role as social assistance for many years. In contexts of increasingly protracted displacement and lack of durable solutions for most refugees, inclusion in social protection systems, backed by international development investments, can contribute to more predictable alternatives to humanitarian assistance. UNHCR is working with governments and international actors to implement an area-based approach promoting access to social protection programmes for displaced and host populations. An increased focus on developing inclusive systems provides opportunities for broadening discussions on how Persons of Concern (PoC) can benefit from social protection to provide more effective, efficient and sustainable solutions to affected populations. This requires re-examining ways of responding to the basic and protection needs of forcibly displaced communities and exploring the role that government social protection systems can play in meeting the needs of PoC, accelerating the agenda of the Global Compact on Refugees (GCR), promoting area-based solutions, efficiencies, inclusion and sustainability.

  Working Group Documents
  • Download

    IOM - The Role of Economic and Social Remittances in Shaping Migration Flows from Ethiopia

    document
    This paper aims to explore the role of both economic and social remittances in the migration systems of these communities. Economic remittances refer to money transfers, while social remittances refer...
    Publish date: 31 October 2022 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 17 November 2022 (16 days ago)
  • Download

    World Bank - Somalia Economic Update: Investing in Social Protection to Boost Resilience for Economic Growth - June 2022

    document
    The seventh edition of the World Bank’s Somalia Economic Update provides a detailed update of recent economic developments and growth outlook and makes a case for investing in Social Protection to hel...
    Publish date: 24 October 2022 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 30 November 2022 (3 days ago)
  • Download

    The Changing Landscape of Cash Preparedness: Lists, Risks and Relationships

    document
    What are feasible lead times to deliver CVA to recipients in the Horn of Africa? What are the barriers and enablers to ensuring a timely and high quality humanitarian response? What does it take for o...
    Publish date: 20 October 2022 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 17 November 2022 (16 days ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR Policy on Cash-based Interventions - 2022-2026

    document
    Building on the Policy on Cash-Based Interventions (CBI) 2016-20211, this Policy sets the overall direction for UNHCR’s use of CBI from 2022 to 2026 inclusive, with the aim of scaling up and strengthe...
    Publish date: 5 September 2022 (2 months ago)
    Create date: 6 September 2022 (2 months ago)
  • Download

    Presentation - Refugees build independence with cash aid - 01 September 2022

    document
    GiveDirectly has just concluded an RCT study in Kiryandongo refugees settlement in Uganda looking at the effects of large cash transfers for refugees and host communities. They will present the resea...
    Publish date: 1 September 2022 (3 months ago)
    Create date: 1 September 2022 (3 months ago)
  • Download

    Presentation - Refugees build independence with cash aid - 01 September 2022

    document
    GiveDirectly has just concluded an RCT study in Kiryandongo refugees settlement in Uganda looking at the effects of large cash transfers for refugees and host communities. They will present the resea...
    Publish date: 1 September 2022 (3 months ago)
    Create date: 1 September 2022 (3 months ago)
  • Download

    Presentation - Jya Mbere Project in Rwanda: Access to basic services and Economic inclusion - 01 September 2022

    document
    Since its inception in 2019, the World Bank project is providing over 450,000 Rwandans and refugees with better access to basic services such as health, education and clean water. It also supports job...
    Publish date: 1 September 2022 (3 months ago)
    Create date: 1 September 2022 (3 months ago)
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    Presentation - Potential pathways on the Humanitarian-Development Nexus: The case of Rwanda - 01 September 2022

    document
    UNHCR Rwanda Country Office presents on how they are working to transition refugees to self-reliance, livelihoods and financial inclusion.
    Publish date: 1 September 2022 (3 months ago)
    Create date: 1 September 2022 (3 months ago)
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    Presentation - Displacement economies in an urban world - 07 July 2022

    document
    Part of a wider study of Protracted Displacement in an Urban World, this presentation focuses on displacement economies - the collective economy created by refugees and IDPs through their livelihood a...
    Publish date: 7 July 2022 (4 months ago)
    Create date: 29 July 2022 (4 months ago)
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    Presentation - Influence and adoption of the refugee policy legal framework analysis - 07 July 2022

    document
    The IRC is currently implementing a five-year urban livelihoods program: Refugees in East Africa: Boosting Urban Innovations for Livelihoods Development (Re:Build). Re:Build program is funded by the I...
    Publish date: 7 July 2022 (4 months ago)
    Create date: 29 July 2022 (4 months ago)
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    Social protection responses to COVID-19 for forcibly displaced persons

    document
    Refugees and other Persons of Concern (PoC)1 to UNHCR have been disproportionately impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, leading to serious health, socio-economic and protection impacts. Some governme...
    Publish date: 30 November 2020 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 24 February 2022 (9 months ago)
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    Emerging Lessons from World Bank Group Social Protection Investments in Refugee-Hosting Areas

    document
    Emerging Lessons from World Bank Group Social Protection Investments in Refugee-Hosting Areas
    Publish date: 31 January 2022 (10 months ago)
    Create date: 8 February 2022 (9 months ago)
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    INCLUSION OF REFUGEES IN GOVERNMENT SOCIAL PROTECTION SYSTEMS IN AFRICA

    document
    INCLUSION OF REFUGEES IN GOVERNMENT SOCIAL PROTECTION SYSTEMS IN AFRICA
    Publish date: 31 January 2022 (10 months ago)
    Create date: 8 February 2022 (9 months ago)
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    UNHCR Mapping of Social Safety Nets for Refugees

    document
    The aim of the mapping of social safety nets (SSN) was to explore the potential for alignment between humanitarian cash assistance and SSN in forced displacement situations. It considered various as...
    Publish date: 31 December 2021 (11 months ago)
    Create date: 24 February 2022 (9 months ago)
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    ALIGNING HUMANITARIAN CASH ASSISTANCE WITH NATIONAL SOCIAL SAFETY NETS IN REFUGEE SETTINGS

    document
    The purpose of this document is to share learning and considerations on how operations have or could progressively align humanitarian cash assistance for refugees to national social safety nets (SSN)...
    Publish date: 31 December 2021 (11 months ago)
    Create date: 24 February 2022 (9 months ago)
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    Mapping of the National Social Protection System in Ethiopia, including Social Health Protection

    document
    The mapping of the national social protection system in Ethiopia, including social health insurance, is carried out as part of a joint technical study by the International Labour Organization (ILO) a...
    Publish date: 31 December 2021 (11 months ago)
    Create date: 24 February 2022 (9 months ago)
  • Download

    IOM - The Role of Economic and Social Remittances in Shaping Migration Flows from Ethiopia

    document
    This paper aims to explore the role of both economic and social remittances in the migration systems of these communities. Economic remittances refer to money transfers, while social remittances refer...
    Publish date: 31 October 2022 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 17 November 2022 (16 days ago)
  • Download

    World Bank - Somalia Economic Update: Investing in Social Protection to Boost Resilience for Economic Growth - June 2022

    document
    The seventh edition of the World Bank’s Somalia Economic Update provides a detailed update of recent economic developments and growth outlook and makes a case for investing in Social Protection to hel...
    Publish date: 24 October 2022 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 30 November 2022 (3 days ago)
  • Download

    The Changing Landscape of Cash Preparedness: Lists, Risks and Relationships

    document
    What are feasible lead times to deliver CVA to recipients in the Horn of Africa? What are the barriers and enablers to ensuring a timely and high quality humanitarian response? What does it take for o...
    Publish date: 20 October 2022 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 17 November 2022 (16 days ago)
  • Download

    SPIAC-B - Strengthen linkages between Humanitarian Assistance and National Social Protection1 Systems for Effective Responses to Forced Disp...

    document
    SPIAC-B Joint Statement calling for strengthened linkages between Humanitarian Assistance and National Social Protection Systems for effective responses to Forced Displacements. SPIAC-B is composed of...
    Publish date: 25 August 2022 (3 months ago)
    Create date: 29 August 2022 (3 months ago)
  • Download

    GiveDirectly - Uganda Endline Report: Unconditional cash transfers in Kiryandongo refugee settlement, Uganda - August 2022

    document
    The report contains the results from the first-ever study of cash aid in a refugee setting. GiveDirectly delivered US$1,000 to all of the approx. 10,000 refugee households in Kiryandongo Refugee Settl...
    Publish date: 3 August 2022 (4 months ago)
    Create date: 4 August 2022 (3 months ago)
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    Implementation Guide – Good Practices For Ensuring Data Protection And Privacy In Social Protection Systems

    document
    This Implementation Guide is aimed at practitioners involved in the design, implementation, and expansion of social protection systems and programmes at the country level, especially regarding non-con...
    Publish date: 31 August 2022 (3 months ago)
    Create date: 17 November 2022 (16 days ago)
  • Download

    Extending social protection to migrant workers, refugees and their families

    document
    A guide for policymakers and practitioners
    Publish date: 31 December 2021 (11 months ago)
    Create date: 18 February 2022 (9 months ago)
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    EC - Social Protection across the Humanitarian-Development Nexus (SPAN) Operational Note - Forced Displacement

    document
    Supplement to the Reference Document No 26 on Social Protection across the Humanitarian-Development Nexus. A Game Changer in Supporting People through Crises and provides an overview of the key inform...
    Publish date: 15 May 2019 (3 years ago)
    Create date: 14 March 2022 (8 months ago)
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    EC - SPaN (2019) Summary: Reference Document - Social Protection across the Humanitarian-Development Nexus. A Game Changer in Supporting Peo...

    document
    Summary were produced as parts of the European Commission’s “Guidance Package on Social protection across the humanitarian-development Nexus (SPaN)”. This Summary highlights the complementarities betw...
    Publish date: 10 May 2019 (3 years ago)
    Create date: 14 March 2022 (8 months ago)
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    EC - Social Protection across the Humanitarian-Development Nexus (SPAN) Guidance - Tools and Methods.

    document
    Reference document by the European Commission on providing Social Protection across the humanitarian-development Nexus (SPaN) for dissemination to practitioners. It provides an overview of the key inf...
    Publish date: 15 February 2019 (3 years ago)
    Create date: 14 March 2022 (8 months ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR Policy on Cash-based Interventions - 2022-2026

    document
    Building on the Policy on Cash-Based Interventions (CBI) 2016-20211, this Policy sets the overall direction for UNHCR’s use of CBI from 2022 to 2026 inclusive, with the aim of scaling up and strengthe...
    Publish date: 5 September 2022 (2 months ago)
    Create date: 6 September 2022 (2 months ago)
  • Download

    Handbook on social health protection for refugees: Approaches, lessons learned and practical tools to assess coverage options

    document
    The purpose of this handbook is to guide UNHCR public health and programme staff and ILO staff working on social protection at country level on the considerations and practical steps required to asses...
    Publish date: 9 November 2020 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 7 February 2022 (9 months ago)

  • Working Group Key Contacts
    • Clare Gardner

      UNHCR Regional Bureau for East and Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes, Nairobi, Kenya  Senior Social Protection Officer
    • Shana Hoehler

      ILO  Technical Officer – Social Health Protection for Refugees and Host Communities
      Links
    Social assistance in crises roundtable: knowledge gaps and policy challenges
    BASIC (Better Assistance in Crises) Research is a Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) funded programme examining why, how and when to use social protection approaches in different crisis contexts, to deliver more effective social assistance so that vulnerable people cope better with crises and meet their basic needs. This online roundtable discussion will be a dialogue with other researchers and practitioners on the ground.
    Fragility Forum: Emerging Research on Social Protection in Contexts of Fragility and Displacement
    Fragility Forum, a podcast summarising UNHCR studies and the ongoing WB-DFID Trust Fund and OECD studies on inclusion of refugees in SP systems and a roundtable with representatives from Mauritania, Republic of Congo and Yemen.
    Guidance Package - SPaN resources
    The European Commission (EC) created the Guidance Package (GP) on Social Protection across the Humanitarian-Development Nexus (SPaN) to provide concrete and practical guidance to social protection as an effective short- and long-term response to multivariate shocks, protracted crises and displacement based on the current body of knowledge, including brief definitions, and processes of social protection approaches in most challenging settings. The variety of contexts covered by the GP also includes countries where social protection systems are nationally led and those without any structures in place.
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