Registered Refugees from Afghanistan

Refugee Returnees to Afghanistan

The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations

JSON 
The humanitarian situation inside Afghanistan deteriorated in 2021 with significant consequences for the most vulnerable among the population. Some 3.4 million people are currently displaced by conflict. UNHCR is responding to this emergency. In Iran and Pakistan, which are neighbours of Afghanistan, there are also 2 million registered Afghan refugees. The majority of these refugees fled Afghanistan over the years, including from as early as 1979. A further 5.3 million refugees returned to Afghanistan in phases since 2002, but this trends has been declining in recent times. In August 2021, UNHCR has also released a non-return advisory for Afghanistan, calling for a halt on forced returns of Afghan nationals, including asylum seekers who have had their claims rejected. On this page you will find updates on UNHCR's work in support Afghan IDPs, refugees and returnees. Links are also provided below for the individual UNHCR country operation pages for additional information.

Registered Refugees from Afghanistan (in Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan) JSON 
1,333,749
Last updated 30 Jun 2023
Source - UNHCR 
Afghan Registered Refugees by country JSON 
Location name Source Data date Population
Balochistan UNHCR 30 Jun 2023   24.1% 321,677
Islamabad UNHCR 30 Jun 2023   3.1% 41,520
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa UNHCR 30 Jun 2023   52.6% 701,358
Punjab UNHCR 30 Jun 2023   14.3% 191,053
Sindh UNHCR 30 Jun 2023   5.5% 73,789
the Pakistan administered side of the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir UNHCR 30 Jun 2023   0.3% 4,352

Reported newly arrived Afghans in need of international protection to neighbouring countries since 1 January 2021 JSON 
117,550
Last updated 07 Feb 2022
Source - UNHCR 
UNHCR collects data to inform advocacy, programming and response for the protection needs of Afghans in Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan, and Tajikistan as well as to support Governments and partners in asylum processes. UNHCR utilises multiple data collection methodologies, including border monitoring, cross-border movement tracking through Refugee Key Informant and Household interviews, individual protection assessments and various forms of mandate registration. The overall number of Afghans with international refugee protection needs is likely to be much higher. The increase on the overall figure does not necessarily reflect the displacement of that same period, but rather the date of assessment. Over 3,700 Afghans were hosted by the Iranian authorities at border locations since 1 January 2021, although most have returned. According to Government of Uzbekistan sources, some 13,020 Afghan citizens arrived in the country since January 2021. The majority arrived before August 15 with valid visas issued by the Uzbek consulate in Mazar-i-Sharif. This group is currently unwilling and unable to return and UNHCR considers that they may be in need of international protection.
Refugees facilitated for Voluntary Repatriation to Afghanistan by year JSON 
  Latest Documents
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  • Afghanistan Situation Funding (2024)
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