Djibouti

Operational Overview
Djibouti is considered an oasis of peace in a region in perpetual conflict. As of 31 December 2023, Djibouti is providing international protection to 31, 509 refugees and asylum seekers, which is more than 3 percent of the total population. Despite a lower-middle-income status, yet prone to recurrent droughts, Djibouti has traditionally maintained a generous open-door policy for refugee inflows. Somali nationals (43 percent) constitute the largest refugee group in Djibouti, followed by Ethiopians (41 percent) and Yemenis (11 percent). In Djibouti, 85 percent of refugees and asylum seekers live in rural areas while 15 percent in urban areas. Around 56 percent of them live in Ali Addeh village, 23 percent in Holl Holl village, 15 percent in Djibouti City, and 5 percent in Markazi camp. Refugees and asylum seekers live peacefully and in harmony with their host and contribute to local economies. The Republic of Djibouti has been welcoming refugees for more than four decades. The country has been providing refugee protection through legislative reforms and has embraced the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF). This UNHCR initiative aims to safeguard the well-being of refugees and their host communities, a precursor to the Global Compact on Refugees. Djibouti has been praised as a leading country in the implementation of the CRRF and has achieved a lot, particularly in including refugees and asylum seekers in national systems such as education, health, and employment.
Refugees in Djibouti JSON 
23,493
Last updated 30 Apr 2024
Source - UNHCR 
Asylum-seekers in Djibouti JSON 
8,035
Last updated 30 Apr 2024
Source - UNHCR 
Refugees and Asylum-seekers by sub-location JSON 
Location name Source Data date Population
Obock UNHCR 30 Apr 2024   7.9% 2,480
Djibouti UNHCR 30 Apr 2024   15.2% 4,798
Ali Sabieh UNHCR 30 Apr 2024   76.9% 24,250

Refugees and Asylum-seekers by Country of Origin JSON  .CSV 
Country of origin Source Data date Population
Somalia UNHCR 30 Apr 2024   43.0% 13,545
Ethiopia UNHCR 30 Apr 2024   41.2% 13,004
Yemen UNHCR 30 Apr 2024   10.8% 3,418
Eritrea UNHCR 30 Apr 2024   4.7% 1,479
Others UNHCR 30 Apr 2024   0.3% 82


Refugees and Asylum-seekers - age and gender breakdown JSON 
Source - UNHCR
Refugees and Asylum-seekers - Population Trends JSON 
  Latest Documents
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    Mise à jour mensuelle du HCR Djibouti- Mars 2024

    Document
    Publish date: 17 April 2024 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 17 April 2024 (1 month ago)
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    Djibouti Operational Monthly Update - March 2024

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    Publish date: 17 April 2024 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 17 April 2024 (1 month ago)
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    Djibouti Factsheet Q1 2024

    Document
    Publish date: 15 April 2024 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 16 May 2024 (2 days ago)
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    Djbouti - Fiche d'Information (Factsheet) - 1er trimestre de 2024

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    Publish date: 15 April 2024 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 16 May 2024 (2 days ago)
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    Djibouti Refugee and asylum seeker as of March 2024

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    Djibouti Refugee and asylum seeker as of March 2024
    Publish date: 31 March 2024 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 3 April 2024 (1 month ago)
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    Presentation - UNHCR - Understanding financial inclusion and links to the global agenda - 01 April 2021

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    Presentation made by UNHCR on situating Financial Inclusion (FI) for persons of concern in the global agenda during the Regional Livelihoods Working Group Meeting - 01 April 2021
    Publish date: 1 April 2021 (3 years ago)
    Create date: 1 April 2021 (3 years ago)
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    UNHCR EHAGL Regional IDP update - July-September 2023

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    Publish date: 7 December 2023 (5 months ago)
    Create date: 7 December 2023 (5 months ago)
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    EHAGL Complementary Pathways Newsletter June 2023

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    Publish date: 3 November 2023 (6 months ago)
    Create date: 3 November 2023 (6 months ago)
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    UNHCR EHAGL Operational Update April - June 2023

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    UNHCR EHAGL Operational Update April - June 2023
    Publish date: 11 August 2023 (9 months ago)
    Create date: 11 August 2023 (9 months ago)
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    UNHCR EHAGL Operational Update January - March 2023

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    UNHCR EHAGL Operational Update January - March 2023
    Publish date: 23 May 2023 (11 months ago)
    Create date: 23 May 2023 (11 months ago)
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    UNHCR EHAGL Operational Update October-December 2022

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    Publish date: 17 February 2023 (1 year ago)
    Create date: 17 February 2023 (1 year ago)
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    Sudan Situation- UNHCR External Update #48 - 14 February 2024

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    Sudan Situation- UNHCR External Update
    Publish date: 15 February 2024 (3 months ago)
    Create date: 15 February 2024 (3 months ago)
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    Regional Climate Action Plan for the East and Horn of Africa and Great Lakes 2023-2028

    Document
    Publish date: 1 November 2023 (6 months ago)
    Create date: 1 November 2023 (6 months ago)
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    UNHCR - East and Horn of Africa, and the Great Lakes - COVID-19 Emergency Response, External Update #31

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    UNHCR - East and Horn of Africa, and the Great Lakes - COVID-19 Emergency Response, External Update #31
    Publish date: 27 July 2021 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 27 July 2021 (2 years ago)
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    UNHCR - East and Horn of Africa, and the Great Lakes - COVID-19 Emergency Response, External Update #30

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    UNHCR - East and Horn of Africa, and the Great Lakes - COVID-19 Emergency Response, External Update #30
    Publish date: 28 June 2021 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 28 June 2021 (2 years ago)
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    UNHCR - East and Horn of Africa, and the Great Lakes - COVID-19 Emergency Response, External Update #29

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    UNHCR - East and Horn of Africa, and the Great Lakes - COVID-19 Emergency Response, External Update #29
    Publish date: 2 June 2021 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 2 June 2021 (2 years ago)
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    UNHCR - East and Horn of Africa, and the Great Lakes - COVID-19 emergency response, External Update #28

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    UNHCR - East and Horn of Africa, and the Great Lakes - COVID-19 emergency response, External Update #28
    Publish date: 22 April 2021 (3 years ago)
    Create date: 22 April 2021 (3 years ago)
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    UNHCR - East and Horn of Africa, and the Great Lakes - COVID-19 emergency response, External Update #26

    Document
    UNHCR - East and Horn of Africa, and the Great Lakes - COVID-19 emergency response, External Update #26 covering the period 1 - 31 January 2021
    Publish date: 19 February 2021 (3 years ago)
    Create date: 22 February 2021 (3 years ago)
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    UNHCR - EHAGL Refugees, asylum-seekers, refugee returnees and IDPs - 31 December 2021

    Document
    UNHCR Regional Bureau EHAGL - Regional Dashboard: Refugees, asylum-seekers, refugee returnees and IDPs as of 31 December2021
    Publish date: 31 December 2021 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 2 February 2022 (2 years ago)
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    UNHCR - EHAGL Refugees and asylum-seekers by country of asylum - 31 December 2021

    Document
    UNHCR Regional Bureau EHAGL - Regional Dashboard: Refugees and asylum-seekers by country of asylum as of 31 December 2021
    Publish date: 31 December 2021 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 2 February 2022 (2 years ago)
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    EHAGL: Refugees, asylum-seekers, refugee returnees and IDPs - 30 September 2021

    Document
    UNHCR Regional Bureau EHAGL - Regional Dashboard: Refugees, asylum-seekers, refugee returnees and IDPs as of 30 September 2021
    Publish date: 25 October 2021 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 3 November 2021 (2 years ago)
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    EHAGL: Refugees and asylum-seekers by country of asylum - 30 September 2021

    Document
    UNHCR Regional Bureau EHAGL - Regional Dashboard: Refugees and asylum-seekers by country of asylum as of 30 September 2021
    Publish date: 25 October 2021 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 3 November 2021 (2 years ago)
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    EHAGL: Internally Displaced persons (IDPs) - 31 March 2021

    Document
    UNHCR Regional Bureau EHAGL - Regional Dashboard: Internally Displaced persons (IDPs) as of 31 March 2021
    Publish date: 26 April 2021 (3 years ago)
    Create date: 27 April 2021 (3 years ago)
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    UNHCR: East and Horn of Africa and Great Lakes - Stepped-up Livelihoods Strategic Directions 2021-2025

    Document
    Responding to the High Commissioner’s request to step up livelihoods interventions this document outlines the strategic directions and recommends actions for the EHAGL Regional Bureau 2020-2025 to add...
    Publish date: 1 July 2021 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 27 July 2021 (2 years ago)
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    IOM - WFP - Life amidst a Pandemic: Hunger, Migration and Displacement in the East and Horn of Africa - June 2021

    Document
    Building on the global joint work by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the World Food Programme (WFP) on the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on hunger, migration...
    Publish date: 21 June 2021 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 9 July 2021 (2 years ago)
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    NORTHERN ETHIOPIA EMERGENCY SITUATION UNHCR REGIONAL APPEAL JANUARY - DECEMBER 2022

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    Publish date: 4 March 2022 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 16 March 2022 (2 years ago)
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    Best Practices from the EHAGL Region of Successful Cooperation with the Private Sector - October 2023

    Document
    Publish date: 30 October 2023 (6 months ago)
    Create date: 30 October 2023 (6 months ago)
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    UNHCR EHAGL Operational Update October – December 2023

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    UNHCR EHAGL Operational Update October – December 2023
    Publish date: 27 February 2024 (2 months ago)
    Create date: 27 February 2024 (2 months ago)
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    UNHCR EHAGL Education Update: Regional overview (October-December 2023)

    Document
    Publish date: 7 February 2024 (3 months ago)
    Create date: 7 February 2024 (3 months ago)
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    UNHCR EHAGL Operational Update July - September 2023

    Document
    UNHCR EHAGL Operational Update July - September 2023
    Publish date: 27 November 2023 (5 months ago)
    Create date: 27 November 2023 (5 months ago)
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    UNHCR EHAGL Education Update: Regional overview (July - September 2023)

    Document
    Publish date: 16 October 2023 (7 months ago)
    Create date: 16 October 2023 (7 months ago)
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    UNHCR EHAGL Education Update: Regional overview (July - September 2023)

    Document
    Publish date: 16 October 2023 (7 months ago)
    Create date: 16 October 2023 (7 months ago)
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    Djibouti: Refugee Policy Review Framework

    Document
    UNHCR Refugee Policy Review Framework as at 30 June 2023 in the context of the implementation of the Word Bank IDA (International Development Association) WHR (Window for Host Communities and Refugees...
    Publish date: 12 March 2024 (2 months ago)
    Create date: 12 March 2024 (2 months ago)
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    Djibouti: Refugee Policy Review

    Document
    Refugee Policy Review as at 30 June 2020 for World Bank’s Mid Term Review of IDA19 Window for Host Communities and Refugees
    Publish date: 10 March 2022 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 7 April 2022 (2 years ago)
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    Culture, context and mental health of Somali refugees

    Document
    A primer for staff working in mental health and psychosocial support programmes
    Publish date: 5 January 2017 (7 years ago)
    Create date: 5 January 2017 (7 years ago)
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    World Bank - Djibouti Economic Monitor: Navigating through the Pandemic and Regional Tensions

    Document
    Severely impacted by the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic in 2020, Djibouti’s economic activity has shown signs of recovery in 2021.This first edition of the Djibouti Economic Monitor (DEM) launches a ...
    Publish date: 6 March 2022 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 11 March 2022 (2 years ago)
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    Refugees Livelihoods and Economic Inclusion Xchange, 5 March 2019

    Document
    Economic Inclusion of Refugees
    Publish date: 14 March 2019 (5 years ago)
    Create date: 14 March 2019 (5 years ago)
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    MMC WEST AFRICA - 4Mi Snapshot - October 2018

    Document
    Aspirations of refugees and migrants from West Africa.
    Publish date: 30 October 2018 (5 years ago)
    Create date: 14 November 2018 (5 years ago)
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    Using Prosopis as an energy source for refugees and host communities in Djibouti, and controlling its rapid spread

    Document
    FAO, in collaboration with Djibouti’s Ministry of Agriculture, Water, Fishery, Livestock and Marine Resources and Ministry of Housing, Urban Planning and Environment, and the United Nations High Commi...
    Publish date: 30 September 2018 (5 years ago)
    Create date: 16 October 2020 (3 years ago)
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    UNHCR - EHAGL Refugees, asylum-seekers, refugee returnees and IDPs - 31 December 2021

    Document
    UNHCR Regional Bureau EHAGL - Regional Dashboard: Refugees, asylum-seekers, refugee returnees and IDPs as of 31 December2021
    Publish date: 31 December 2021 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 2 February 2022 (2 years ago)
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    UNHCR - EHAGL Refugees and asylum-seekers by country of asylum - 31 December 2021

    Document
    UNHCR Regional Bureau EHAGL - Regional Dashboard: Refugees and asylum-seekers by country of asylum as of 31 December 2021
    Publish date: 31 December 2021 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 2 February 2022 (2 years ago)
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    EHAGL: Refugees, asylum-seekers, refugee returnees and IDPs - 30 September 2021

    Document
    UNHCR Regional Bureau EHAGL - Regional Dashboard: Refugees, asylum-seekers, refugee returnees and IDPs as of 30 September 2021
    Publish date: 25 October 2021 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 3 November 2021 (2 years ago)
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    EHAGL: Refugees and asylum-seekers by country of asylum - 30 September 2021

    Document
    UNHCR Regional Bureau EHAGL - Regional Dashboard: Refugees and asylum-seekers by country of asylum as of 30 September 2021
    Publish date: 25 October 2021 (2 years ago)
    Create date: 3 November 2021 (2 years ago)
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    EHAGL: Internally Displaced persons (IDPs) - 31 March 2021

    Document
    UNHCR Regional Bureau EHAGL - Regional Dashboard: Internally Displaced persons (IDPs) as of 31 March 2021
    Publish date: 26 April 2021 (3 years ago)
    Create date: 27 April 2021 (3 years ago)
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    Mise à jour mensuelle du HCR Djibouti- Mars 2024

    Document
    Publish date: 17 April 2024 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 17 April 2024 (1 month ago)
  • Download

    Djibouti Operational Monthly Update - March 2024

    Document
    Publish date: 17 April 2024 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 17 April 2024 (1 month ago)
  • Download

    Djibouti Factsheet Q1 2024

    Document
    Publish date: 15 April 2024 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 16 May 2024 (2 days ago)
  • Download

    Djbouti - Fiche d'Information (Factsheet) - 1er trimestre de 2024

    Document
    Publish date: 15 April 2024 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 16 May 2024 (2 days ago)
  • Download

    Djibouti Refugee and asylum seeker as of March 2024

    Document
    Djibouti Refugee and asylum seeker as of March 2024
    Publish date: 31 March 2024 (1 month ago)
    Create date: 3 April 2024 (1 month ago)
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    Outcome report on the outcomes of the regional Government-to-Government Conference, 31 October - 1 November 2019, Addis Ababa

    Document
    Outcome report on the outcomes of the regional Government-to-Government Conference, 31 October - 1 November 2019, Addis Ababa
    Publish date: 16 December 2019 (4 years ago)
    Create date: 16 December 2019 (4 years ago)
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    Executive summary of the outcomes of the regional Government-to-Government Conference, 31 October - 1 November 2019, Addis Ababa

    Document
    Executive summary of the outcomes of the regional Government-to-Government Conference, 31 October - 1 November 2019, Addis Ababa
    Publish date: 16 December 2019 (4 years ago)
    Create date: 16 December 2019 (4 years ago)
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    UNHCR Djibouti March Factsheet

    Document
    UNHCR Djibouti March Factsheet
    Publish date: 18 May 2016 (8 years ago)
    Create date: 18 May 2016 (8 years ago)
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    UNHCR Djibouti December Factsheet

    Document
    UNHCR Djibouti December Factsheet
    Publish date: 18 May 2016 (8 years ago)
    Create date: 18 May 2016 (8 years ago)
  • Download

    UNHCR Djibouti September Factsheet

    Document
    UNHCR Djibouti September Factsheet
    Publish date: 18 May 2016 (8 years ago)
    Create date: 18 May 2016 (8 years ago)
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    Djibouti Factsheet September 2014

    Document
    Djibouti Factsheet September 2014
    Publish date: 22 October 2014 (9 years ago)
    Create date: 22 October 2014 (9 years ago)
  •   Microdata

  • Livelihoods Programme Monitoring Beneficiary Survey, 2022

    Djibouti, 2022   MicroData View details | Get Microdata | 0 |
    Authoring Entity: UNHCR
    Published: 22 March 2024
  • Livelihoods Programme Monitoring Beneficiary Survey, 2021

    Djibouti, 2021   MicroData View details | Get Microdata | 32 |
    Authoring Entity: UNHCR
    Published: 18 September 2022
  • Livelihoods Programme Monitoring Beneficiary Survey, 2020

    Djibouti, 2020   MicroData View details | Get Microdata | 88 |
    Authoring Entity: UNHCR
    Published: 12 October 2021
  • Refugees

    Asylum-seekers

    The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations

    JSON 
    Funding Requirements (2024)
    22.2000,00 US$
    Total appeal
    Date of Funding Data 31 March 2024 (1 month ago)

    Please contact the following focal points

    Type of Inquiry Contact
    Associate Operational Data Management Officer Mamadou Sadio
    sadio@unhcr.org
    Reporting Associate Deka Hassan Nour
    hassanno@unhcr.org