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Total Population of Concern in Rwanda

The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations

JSON 
Total Population of Concern JSON 
133,029
Last updated 31 Mar 2021
Source - UNHCR, Government, MINEMA 
Population of Concern: demographic breakdown JSON 
Source - UNHCR, Government, MINEMA
Population of Concern by sub-location JSON 
Location name Source Data date Population
Mahama UNHCR, Government, MINEMA 31 Mar 2021
  35.8%
47,632
Kigeme UNHCR, Government, MINEMA 31 Mar 2021
  13.3%
17,661
Kiziba UNHCR, Government, MINEMA 31 Mar 2021
  12.9%
17,221
Nyabiheke UNHCR, Government, MINEMA 31 Mar 2021
  10.9%
14,507
Gihembe UNHCR, Government, MINEMA 31 Mar 2021
  9.3%
12,351
Kigali UNHCR, Government, MINEMA 31 Mar 2021
  8.7%
11,529
Mugombwa UNHCR, Government, MINEMA 31 Mar 2021
  8.2%
10,940
Huye UNHCR, Government, MINEMA 31 Mar 2021
  0.6%
861
Bugesera UNHCR, Government, MINEMA 31 Mar 2021
  0.2%
281
Nyanza UNHCR, Government, MINEMA 31 Mar 2021
  0.0%
46

Total Refugees and Asylum-seekers JSON 
128,456
Last updated 31 Mar 2021
Source - UNHCR, Government, MINEMA 
Refugees and Asylum-seekers by country of origin JSON  .CSV 
Country of origin Source Data date Population
Dem. Rep. of the Congo UNHCR, Government, MINEMA 31 Mar 2021
  58.2%
74,751
Burundi UNHCR, Government, MINEMA 31 Mar 2021
  41.5%
53,355
Others UNHCR, Government, MINEMA 31 Mar 2021
  0.1%
179
Eritrea UNHCR, Government, MINEMA 31 Mar 2021
  0.1%
171


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    Uploaded: 21 December 2015 (5 years ago)
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    Overview
    Rwanda has been welcoming refugees for over two decades. At the end of December 2020, the country hosted 144,662 refugees. Rwanda generally provides a favourable protection environment. The Government of Rwanda officially accepted the application of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) in February 2018 and contributes to the progressive implementation of the Global Compact on Refugees. Rwanda made 9 pledges at the Global Refugee Forum (GRF) in December 2019, which focus on education, livelihoods, protection, environment, energy and health. Despite the COVID-19 pandemic, Rwanda was the first country to develop thematic action plans per pledge. All operational responses are in line with this inclusive protection and solutions approach.

    As the Burundi refugee crisis approaches its 6th year, the situation has more or less stabilized, and the political election of May 2020 in Burundi allowed to facilitate a VolRep programme that have so far assisted the return of 7,895 refugees (99% of 8,000 PoCs returning in 2020).

    The strategy for the Congolese refugees who have lived in Rwanda for almost 24 years remains focused on their inclusion in national systems and the scaling up livelihoods so they can graduate from humanitarian assistance. Since the 2018 political transition in DRC, UNHCR is exploring the possibility of facilitating a tripartite dialogue (UNHCR, Rwanda and DRC) on durable solutions.

    Since the signature of the Tripartire agreement GoR/AU/UNHCR in September 2019 that led to the creation of the ETM Rwanda, 385 refugees and asylum seekers have been evacuated from Libya. Movements had temporarily been halted since March 2020 by the COVID-19 pandemic, but resettlement departures have resumed since August 2020 and evacuations flights resumed on 19 November 2020.

    At the beginning of 2021, UNHCR Rwanda will provide protection and assistance to 139,498 refugees in six refugee camps (Gihembe, Kigeme, Kiziba, Mahama, Mugombwa and Nyabiheke) and 2 urban areas (Kigali and Huye) in Rwanda. In parallel, UNHCR will support the VolRep of 40,000 Burundian refugees. There will be few new arrivals and by the end of 2021 Rwanda will host 108,921 refugees and asylum-seekers from Burundi (28,919 PoCs) and DRC (80,003 PoCs). UNHCR will also assist the reintegration of 3,000 Rwandan returnees back from DRC, as well as the evacuation to Rwanda of 1,500 refugees and Asylum seekers from Libya.

    The Refugee Coordination Model in Rwanda is co-coordinated by the Government and UNHCR. It includes a range of UN Agencies, NGOs, operational and development partners. UNHCR also coordinates sector working groups (co-coordinating with partners where relevant). NGO partners are involved in UNHCR programming aspects and when possible, raise funds to complement UNHCR’s efforts. UNHCR also coordinates refugee response appeals such as the CRRP, Rwanda chapters in the RRRPs for the Burundi and the Congolese situations, CERF appeals, COVID-19 GHRP etc.

    In 2020, project partnership agreements were signed with 7 INGOs, 3 National NGOs, 1 Government Institutions, UNOPS and IUNV. Similar arrangements will continue in 2021. Refugees and returnees are included in the UNDAP II (2018-2023) and the national development agenda; and UNHCR is an active participant to the UNCT and the UNDAF task force.


       Situations related to this Country
    • Rwanda - Burundi Situation

      Over 300,000 refugees have fled Burundi to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda since April 2015. The situation in Burundi remains complex; while refugees continue to arrive throughout the region, others are deciding to return home. The Burundi refugee response remains one of the most underfunding refugee situations in the world.

    • Rwanda - DRC Situation

      The on-going conflicts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) have caused and continue to cause internal and external displacement of populations. In 2017, some 100,000 Congolese fled to neighbouring countries as refugees, due to widespread militia activities, unrest and violence, joining the 585,000 already in exile. The security conditions in DRC, especially in the eastern and central parts have continued to worsen since the beginning of 2018. Because of this, the Congolese refugee population is now among the ten largest in the world. Nearly 55 per cent are children, many crossing borders unaccompanied or separated. Existing camps and sites in many asylum countries are saturated, and available basic services are stretched to the limit. The situation requires support, adequate resources and collaboration so that effective protection and assistance can be delivered efficiently to Congolese refugees.

    • Rwanda - Eradication of Statelessness in the East and Horn of Africa, and the Great Lakes Region

      Highlighting statelessness in the 12 Member States of the ICGLR, and what is being done to eradicate it. Media coverage, testimonies of stateless persons, reports on the issue and all documents pertaining to the Brazzaville Declaration process can be consulted in English, French, Portuguese and Arabic.

    • Rwanda - Regional Bureau for the East and Horn of Africa, and the Great Lakes Region

      In September 2019, with the aim of bringing decision making closer to the point of delivery, UNHCR opened its Regional Bureau for the East, Horn of Africa and Great Lakes Region (EHAGL). It is located in Nairobi, Kenya and covers 11 operations: Burundi, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. Within the EHAGL region, two situations are managed by the Bureau: the South Sudan Regional Refugee Situation and the Burundi Regional Refugee Situation. The Bureau has accountability for strategic decision-making, regional prioritization, oversight of integrity issues, and quality assurance, and possesses the technical capacity to support country operations in a wide range of sectors such as education, child protection, economic inclusion and durable solutions.